This post was written by Alex Brechbill, one of our Hubbard Conservation Fellows. Alex hails from right here in Aurora, Nebraska. He has worked both in the policy arena and deep in the wilderness, and so brings a broad perspective to his thinking about conservation. You’ll hear much more from him during the coming year.
I must come clean before diving into this article: I love trees. Trees are one of my favorite things in the world. From the towering conifers of the Pacific Northwest to the vast overwhelming deciduous canopy in the Shenandoah Valley. So long as I have two boots on my feet and passion in my heart, I will always love trees. Out of all trees, I especially love (brace yourself, fellow prairie-folk) the eastern redcedar.
I love cedars, largely because of the time I spent up North, in Minnesota, on the water. The first canoeing paddle I carved was from a slab of western redcedar. I cut the profile with a bandsaw and spoke-shaved the shaft, throat, and blade, leaving the finesse of the handle to fine grit sandpaper. Walking into the woodshop, the pungent aroma of cedar fills the air. As someone who enjoys woodworking, there are few things as visually appealing as the aesthetic of a golden, polished cedar-strip canoe. At times I’m a little embarrassed at how much time I spend ogling canoes on the Internet. From the bow to the stern, they are charming and iconic. While camping, I spent hours sitting by the warmth of glowing hot firepit, from freshly split cedar. Even on a soaking wet, bitter-cold day, cedar will burn well. There is a reason that the cedar was known as the tree of life.
Redcedar invokes all five senses; from smelling it to feeling the warmth of a fire. However, seeing thickets of trees, cedar or otherwise, on the prairie is jarring. A majority of the land stewardship time I have spent so far in the fellowship has been dedicated to removing woody invasive plants: Eastern redcedar, Siberian elm, mulberry, and several others. Cutting down trees is bittersweet. I have an immense respect for trees as organisms, and each time I cut one down I have to remember why I am cutting it down: we will lose our prairies if we don’t do anything about encroaching woodlands.
Encroaching trees limit the ability of some plants to establish themselves, and they will choke other plants out. Trees decrease the amount of forage that can be produced on a prairie for grazing. I could go on, but the bottom line is that trees can be harmful to prairies. On the other hand, there are certainly places for them. Along stream banks, as shade trees, and in shelterbelts, trees can be very helpful for people and livestock. I love both trees and prairies, but not when they form a Venn-diagram.
Not only do we improve the quality of our prairies by removing invasive trees, we can also glean valuable products from their wood. Firewood is the first product that comes to mind. Sitting next to my fireplace on a cool night is one of my favorite ways to end the day, relaxing in the dry heat of the seasoned firewood. Milling logs into dimensional lumber is another great way to utilize problem trees. Sawing dimensional lumber is like breaking open a geode, the rugged exterior concealing a center of splendor. The freshly exposed grain of the wood is captivating, and it’s easy to get lost in the curvilinear waves flowing through the heartwood and sapwood. Currently, I am carving a flatwater canoeing paddle out of a milled slab of Siberian elm, another problem tree that we spend hours removing. I spend my evenings whittling black walnut, with its gorgeous dark heartwood, and cottonwood, which cuts like butter under the bevel of freshly honed edge.
For utility and beauty, trees give us a lot, whether they are the subject of a photo or some shade for a picnic. Unfortunately, as much as they give us, they can take a lot away from us, and if that means taking away our prairies, I better sharpen my saw and get back to work.
It is so ironic that just as trees affect the prairie, grasses will kill young trees by sapping the moisture they need and out competing them. Seems so odd that these two are so competitive with one another. At one site, I remove the trees, and at another site, I kill the grass!
Unless it’s an introduced grass like tall fescue, I cannot imagine grass competing against trees. In fact, native grasses like big bluestem create such a moisture and nutrient rich sod that trees invade and grow much faster than they would otherwise.
Those are beautiful pieces!
I enjoyed your writing and photographs. Thank you, very nicely done!
One of the most difficult things we have to do is make these decisions: what to keep and what to remove. I, too, make those difficult decisions. But, I think, it is important not to HATE any of the things we remove. They are simply out of place. I believe that native Americans respected all life, and when taking a life they thanked the Great Spirit and the organism whose life was sacrificed. It is important to remember that we are all connected in some way, although it may not always be obvious to us.
I see you have grandma Pam’s artistic eye and creative spirit.
Thanks for the reminder. Red cedar is indeed exquisite; from it’s enormity in life to it’s artistic ease in the after life.