About Chris Helzer

Chris Helzer is the Director of Science for The Nature Conservancy in Nebraska. His main role is to evaluate and capture lessons from the Conservancy’s land management and restoration work and then share those lessons with other landowners – both private and public. In addition, Chris works to raise awareness about the importance of prairies and their conservation through his writing, photography, and presentations to various groups. Chris is also the author of "The Ecology and Management of Prairies in the Central United States", published by the University of Iowa Press. He lives in Aurora, Nebraska with his wife Kim and their children.

Photos of the Week – October 23, 2021

This time of year, when I’m walking through wetlands, there’s a good chance I’ll have hundreds of beggarticks seeds stuck to my clothing when I emerge. Woodlands have their own set of these annual plants, so the same risk is present if I duck into riparian forests. Variously known as beggarticks, bur-marigold, Spanish needles, and a series of epithets, these plants in the genus Bidens have a really effective seed architecture that helps them stick to any animal that brushes past.

Beggarticks seeds from a woodland across town. Those two barbed spines on top are really effective at grabbing clothing and fur.

As I’m picking the seeds off my jeans, sweatshirt, and socks, I try to remember that earlier in the season, at least some beggarticks species have really pretty flowers, and all of them provide pollen, nectar, and seeds as food for animals. During the summer, I appreciate seeing these plants in wetlands, especially, and even spend a fair amount of time photographing them. Below are a few examples of Bidens flowers I’ve photographed over the last few years.

Some species of beggarticks don’t produce ray flowers (what appear to be petals). I’m not sure what species this one is.
While they don’t produce showy flowers, these plants do turn an attractive red color in the fall – just before their seeds dry out and start grabbing anything that comes past.
I think this is Bidens cernua (bur-marigold) – photographed in a wetland in the Nebraska Sandhills.
I have several photos of Bidens cernua flowers surrounded by water and/or duckweed.
This is a fisheye lens perspective on a restored wetland in our Platte River Prairies.

You guys, I have a museum exhibit!!

Well, last week was pretty great. Thursday evening, we had the opening reception for the Hidden Prairie temporary exhibit at the University of Nebraska State Museum’s Morrill Hall. The exhibit, which runs from now until May, 2022, features the square meter photography project I did back in 2018. First a book, now a museum exhibit – all from a silly idea I had to see what I could find within one little bit of prairie over a year! As I said during the reception, I kinda feel like I’ve just pulled off the greatest prank of my life…

Here’s the first view of the exhibit as people enter.

From the beginning, the square meter photography project was meant to showcase the beauty and diversity of prairies and encourage people to explore prairies near them. Prairies can sometimes produce spectacular flower shows or contain big wildlife spectacles, but much of the time they look relatively dull when viewed from a distance by the uninitiated. I was hoping to show that prairies always have something interesting to discover if you look closely enough. I’m really happy to see that message resonating.

On Saturday, I went back to the museum with my two older kids and spent some time photographing the exhibit (and exploring the rest of the museum, which is really terrific – I’ve been there many times, but always learn new things). While the photos included here don’t show them, there were a lot of visitors passing through, and it was really fun to eavesdrop on their reactions. They included just what I was hoping for – a lot of surprise about the diversity of prairies and admiration for the beauty of the community and species.

My favorite parts of the exhibit are the four square meters of prairie made of preserved plants with insect specimens hidden in them for people to find.
This Maximilian sunflower will have a few other insects added to it and is designed to talk about insect/plant interactions with this sunflower species as one example.
There’s a combination of big vibrant photos and videos that talk about why prairies are interesting and encourage people to explore them more closely.
Here are the summer (left) and autumn (right) square meters, built by Zak Kathol, who did a phenomenal job. Visitors are given lists of species to look for, but there are many more included than just those on the lists.

I’m incredibly grateful for the museum staff’s energy and creativity that went into creating this exhibit. Angie Fox, in particular, drove the entire process and it was a joy to work with and learn from her. I also want to call out Zak Kathol for his amazing work in constructing the exhibit itself. When we first decided to pursue this exhibit, I said my dream would be to provide actual square meters of prairie for people to explore, but that I knew that was pretty impractical. Thanks to Zak’s willingness to innovate, we ended up exactly what I’d hoped for! He is also a wizard with PVC, as you’ll see in both the Maximilian sunflower and sideoats grama sculptures he created.

Here’s a closer look at the autumn plot. The plots were built with real prairie plants that Zak preserved through a variety of means. For being dead plants, they really amazing.
Can you see the little weevils on this rose? Entomologist MJ Paulsen worked to collect insects and include them in appropriate locations within these plots.
Here’s another close-up view of the spring prairie plot, showing a bumblebee on a yarrow flower.
This is a sorting blocks activity built into a sideoats grama plant.

There are several activities for kids (and adults) within the exhibit, including a sorting blocks exercise displaying the key characteristics of various insect groups, a couple activities related to research on the variety of insect larvae that can be found inside sunflower heads, and a video screen that encourages visitors to practice dancing like various prairie organisms. There are also several videos that talk about both the ecology of and cultural relationships with prairies, including indigenous perspectives and both historic and modern relationships between people and grassland.

Here’s a closer view of the sorting blocks.

If you live near, or will be traveling through Lincoln, Nebraska between now and May, I hope you’ll stop and visit the exhibit. Hopefully, you’ll be joining many many others who will be exposed to what most us already know – the fascinating and complex communities that live in prairies.

This is my daughter Anna looking at the wall of photos that shows the 113 species found during the square meter project.