Photo of the Week – October 10, 2014

For the second time in two weeks, I got to travel west into drier, shorter prairie.  This week, our crew attended the Nebraska Natural Legacy Conference in Gering, Nebraska – at the far western end of the state.  While there, we explored both Scotts Bluff National Monument and the other parts of the Wildcat Hills.  A significant portion of this beautiful rocky landscape has been conserved and opened to public access by a partnership called Wildcat Hills Wildlands, a partnership between Platte River Basin Environment, The Nature Conservancy, and the Nebraska Game and Parks Commission.  It is a spectactular and under-visited part of the world.

I caught the sunrise at Scotts Bluff National Monument yesterday, and then joined a tour of the Bead Mountain Ranch in the afternoon.  Here are some photos from those two places.

As the sun turned the sky pink to the east, the moon was dropping in the west.  Scotts Bluff National Monument.

As the sun turned the sky pink in the east, the moon was dropping in the west. Scotts Bluff National Monument.

A closer look at the moon just before it dropped behind the bluffs.

A closer look at the moon just before it dropped behind the bluffs.

After the sun finally rose, it mostly stayed behind filmy clouds, providing beautifully warm and soft light on the rocky landscape.  Scotts Bluff National Monument.

After the sun finally rose, it mostly stayed behind filmy clouds, providing beautifully warm and soft light on the rocky landscape. Scotts Bluff National Monument.

A hiker enjoys the paved trail and gorgeous weather at Scotts Bluff National Monument.

A hiker enjoys the paved trail and gorgeous weather at Scotts Bluff National Monument.

More from Scotts Bluff National Monument.

More from Scotts Bluff National Monument.

When I photographed this, I thought it might be a prickly poppy (Argemone sp.) but now I don't think so.  Anyone know it?  It was pretty common, and I should know it...

Ten-petal mentzelia (Mentzelia decapetala) on a dry slope.

A multi-image panorama at Scotts Bluff National Monument.  The famous Mitchell Pass is on the far left.

A multi-image panorama at Scotts Bluff National Monument. The noted landmark Mitchell Pass is on the far left.

A large group from the Nebraska Natural Legacy Conference tours Bead Mountain Ranch - part of the lands owned and managed by the Wildcat Hills Wildlands.

A large group from the Nebraska Natural Legacy Conference tours Bead Mountain Ranch – part of the lands owned and managed by Wildcat Hills Wildlands.

This little jumping spider was hunting on the sandstone face of the rocky bluffs.

This little jumping spider was hunting on the sandstone face of the rocky bluffs.

The European mantis (Mantis religiosa).  We saw several of these at Bead Mountain, along with other fun critters including a bull snake, glass lizard (I didn't get to see either of those), a rock wren nest, and lots of black beetles.

The European mantis (Mantis religiosa). We saw several of these at Bead Mountain, along with other fun critters including a bull snake, glass lizard (I didn’t get to see either of those), a rock wren nest, and lots of black beetles.

The red fall foliage of skunkbush sumac (Rhus trilobata) provided bright highlights across the Wildcat Hills this week.

The red fall foliage of skunkbush sumac (Rhus trilobata) provided bright highlights across the Wildcat Hills this week.

More of Bead Mountain Ranch.

More of Bead Mountain Ranch, showing the ponderosa pines on the high rocky slopes.  Much of the dominant vegetation at the site is blackroot sedge, aka threadleaf sedge (Carex filifolia).

The Wildcat Hills features an incredible diversity of life because of the wide range of habitats from high rocky outcrops to flowing springs.  The prairies are dominated by short and mid-height grasses and sedges such as blackroot sedge, needle-and-thread, western wheatgrass, blue grama, and side-oats grama, but also include taller species such as prairie sandreed and sand bluestem – along with many many wildflowers.  Ponderosa pine and rocky mountain juniper trees are native to the bluffs, and are now joined by eastern redcedar, which is not considered native to the landscape, but is now hybridizing with rocky mountain juniper.  Cheatgrass has invaded most prairies to one extent or another, but many still maintain very high plant diversity.

Wildlife is abundant in the landscape, including myriad bird species as well as some larger animals such as mountain lions and bighorn sheep.  The only thing that keeps the landscape from being overrun with hikers and nature enthusiasts is its distance from large population centers.  That’s not such a bad thing – especially for those hardy souls who do make the trip to visit.

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About Chris Helzer

Chris Helzer is the Director of Science for The Nature Conservancy in Nebraska. His main role is to evaluate and capture lessons from the Conservancy’s land management and restoration work and then share those lessons with other landowners – both private and public. In addition, Chris works to raise awareness about the importance of prairies and their conservation through his writing, photography, and presentations to various groups. Chris is also the author of "The Ecology and Management of Prairies in the Central United States", published by the University of Iowa Press. He lives in Aurora, Nebraska with his wife Kim and their children.
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13 Responses to Photo of the Week – October 10, 2014

  1. Karen Hamburger says:

    The plant is ten-petal Mentzelia. Metzelia decapetala.
    Karen

  2. Ok, how can you tell the many mantis species apart? European, Carolina, Asian…. I’ve heard something on their head.

  3. Miller, Kristin - NRCS, Sidney, NE says:

    I think your unknown forb is tenpetal mentzilia or stickleaves.

    Kristin

  4. John I. Blair says:

    As a nature enthusiast myself I thought “overrun” was a trifle harsh as a word choice in your last paragraph; but I do recognize what you’re saying. I kind of like having areas to myself too. And we can love a place to death.

  5. Eliza Perry says:

    WHOOAAAOHAAAWAOO NEBRASKA IS BEAUTIFUL

  6. Reblogged this on The Great Plains Trail and commented:
    Excellent photos of a fantastic part of Nebraska, which will one day be an integral part of the Great Plains Trail!

  7. Cyndi Trail says:

    The plant you thought might be prickly poppy is blazing star (Loasaceae). If you are hiking with children, it is fun to wow them by tossing a leaf at their clothes. It sticks.

  8. James McGee says:

    Hi Chris, The prominent forb on the rock in the third picture is an Eriogonium. It is probably Eriogonium pauciflorum. I first saw this plant at Toadstool National Monument.

    I would like to add that I am glad you are blogging on some of the wonderful areas of your state that happen to not be owned by TNC.

    James

  9. Doug Rudnik says:

    Excellent blog, Chris, glad I found it! I just sent you a friend request on Facebook, hope you don’t mind.

  10. Patrick says:

    Chris, you might squirm at this question, but if you were to pick one time of the year to plan a visit out there (since it is a long way from where I live), when would you choose and why?

    • Chris Helzer says:

      Patrick, I think any time between May and September would be good for wildflowers and scenery. I tend to like going before schools are out and after they’re back in session because of crowds, but biologically, it doesn’t matter that much.

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