Quarantine Quiz #5

Hello again. The pandemic continues and so does the quiz.

These quizzes include a lot of natural history information and I hope many of you find them educational. However, they are mostly just goofiness to take all our minds off the world around us for a few minutes. Some of these questions require some biological expertise, others will require mostly just guesswork. Please don’t focus on whether you get questions right or wrong – just enjoy the distraction!

Also, stay safe, friends.

1) Which of the following are grasses? (you can click on any image in this quiz to get a closer look at it)

A. All of them

B. 1, 2, and 3

C. 1 and 4

D. Only 4

E. #2 looks like two Muppets

F. 2 and 4

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2) What kind of insect is this?

A. Beetle (Coleoptera)

B. Bug (Hemiptera)

C. Fly (Diptera)

D. Wasp (Hymenoptera)

E. Tree Cricket (Orthoptera)

F. If you’d switched E and D around, the answers would have been alphabetical.

G. Not that I care.

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3) Which of the following are grasshoppers and which are katydids?

A. 1, 3, and 4 are katydids.

B. 2, 3, and 4 are grasshoppers

C. 1 and 4 are katydids

D. Only 3 is a katydid

E. Only 4 is a katydid

F. There is no way to know because you can’t see their ears in these photos

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4) Which of these is not the official common name of a moth?

A. Toadflax Brocade

B. Spotted Bounder

C. The Slow Poke

D. Glorious Habrosyne

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5) Where does this bird species spend its winters?

A. Central America

B. Northern South America

C. Southern North America

E. Southern South America

F. Miami Beach

G. Gulf Coast

H. You skipped D

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6) Which of these organisms obtains nutrition via parasitism?

A. All of them

B. 6

C. 1 and 6

D. 3 and 6

E. All but 5

F. 1, 3, and 6

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7) Which of these is not the official name of a North American mushroom?

A. Satan’s Thumb

B. Destroying Angel

C. Earth Tongue

D. Devil’s Urn

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8) Which of these creatures has a name that rhymes with ‘Hole’?

A. 1 and 2

B. 2

C. 1 and 3

D. 2 and 3

E. 3

F. How are we supposed to know what their names are?? Oh, you mean the name of the species…

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9) True or False: (watch the video)

A. True

B. False

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Answers:

1) The answer is C. Both 1 and 4 are grasses (sideoats grama and little bluestem, respectively). Number 2 is sun sedge (Carex heliophila) and number 3 is scouring rush, aka smooth horsetail (Equisetum laevigatum). Scouring rush isn’t a rush. In fact, it’s not even closely related to grasses, sedges, or rushes.

2) The answer is A. This is a longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) feeding on the pollen of upright prairie coneflower (Ratibida columnifera). You can read more about these amazing creatures here.

3) The answer is C. The easiest way to tell katydids from grasshoppers is by the length of their antennae. If the antennae are as long as their body or longer, it’s a katydid. Grasshoppers have short antennae by comparison.

If you answered F, you can give yourself partial credit. Katydids have their ears on the ‘elbow’ of their front legs and grasshoppers’ ears are on their ‘belly’. Usually, trying to find the ear on an insect is much more difficult than just looking at their antennae. Far be it from me, though, to tell you how to go about identifying grasshoppers and katydids.

4) The answer is B. I think Spotted Bounder is a cool name for a moth, but I probably only think that because I invented it. Inventing moth names is pretty easy, actually, since the real ones all seem randomly assigned anyway. (The slow poke?? What kind of biologist names a creature ‘the slow poke’??) A moth biologist, apparently.

5. This answer is E. Most upland sandpipers nest in large grasslands in the Great Plains of the U.S.A (but also are found in a few other locations throughout the continent). Once they’re finished breeding, though, they take a very long trip south to the bottom half of the continent of South America where they hang out in pampas and llanos (grasslands).

6. The answer is E. As far as I know, the Woodhouse’s toad is not parasitic during any part of its life. Having said that, I’ll probably get a bunch of responses from herpetologists telling me that their tadpoles attach themselves to turtles – or something equally cool and crazy. Regardless, all of the other creatures shown are parasites. Ticks, of course are easy to categorize since they are external parasites on us. The tachninid fly (#1) has parasitic larvae that burrow into caterpillars or other animals.

The three plants are Great Plains Indian paintbrush (Castilleja sessiliflora), dodder (Cuscuta sp), and – I think – Elephant’s head (Pedicularis groenlandica), which I photographed in Idaho last year. The paintbrush and Elephant’s head both hook up to the roots of other plants and siphon nutrients from them but are considered hemiparasitic because they don’t rely fully on those other plants for food. Dodder wraps itself around other plants and steals their nutrients so efficiently that it doesn’t even need to photosynthesize.

7. Satan’s thumb is a mushroom name I invented so A is the correct answer. But wouldn’t you like to see what a Satan’s thumb mushroom would look like??

8. The answer is B. The Eastern mole (Scalopus aquaticus) pictured here was dead when I found it, put it in my pocket, and took it home to photograph. It was still dead when I took the picture you see here. It’s a decent photo, though, isn’t it? I bet you were impressed that I was able to get such a great shot of a mole, huh? Don’t be.

The other two species are a deer mouse and a prairie dog, neither of which rhymes with ‘hole’ unless they happened to be named ‘Joel’, in which case I guess you could make an argument. If I had a good picture of a vole I would have included it.

9. True. Crazy, but true. The same apparently works for ants. If you have a sustainably stocked prairie of bison (or cattle, for that matter), they have about the same biomass per acre as ants or grasshoppers. That’s a lot of bugs – I mean insects.

This entry was posted in Uncategorized by Chris Helzer. Bookmark the permalink.

About Chris Helzer

Chris Helzer is the Director of Science for The Nature Conservancy in Nebraska. His main role is to evaluate and capture lessons from the Conservancy’s land management and restoration work and then share those lessons with other landowners – both private and public. In addition, Chris works to raise awareness about the importance of prairies and their conservation through his writing, photography, and presentations to various groups. Chris is also the author of "The Ecology and Management of Prairies in the Central United States", published by the University of Iowa Press. He lives in Aurora, Nebraska with his wife Kim and their children.

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